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Europe’s Rail Joint Undertaking (EU-Rail) is the universal successor of the Shift2Rail Joint Undertaking and it is established by Council Regulation (EU) 2021/2085 of 19 November 2021 (hereinafter the SBA and/or Single Basic Act). 

EU-Rail works towards the twin green and digital transition of Europe. The European Green Deal objective is to reach climate neutrality by 2050, the Fit for 55 package sets medium-term greenhouse gas emissions reduction objectives, and the Digital Decade sets the path to bring Europe to the forefront of digitalisation and automation.  The Sustainable and Smart Mobility Strategy articulates the pathways towards digitalising and greening the transport sector and sets specific milestones for the railway sector. The Industrial Strategy aims at enhancing Europe’s industrial competitiveness, including in sectors at the forefront of the twin transitions such as the rail supply industry. 

These Union policy goals are a major reason for the railway sector to undergo a significant transformation – increasing its capacity for passenger and goods transport, enabling an increase in the use of rail transport, and reducing further the greenhouse gas emissions of the railway sector itself. To support this transition, EU-Rail has an integrated R&I programme, comprising the System Pillar, Innovation Pillar, and the Deployment Group, all together covering the full life cycle of R&I from blue sky to pre- deployment and pre-industrialisation processes.