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Results published in March

Assessment and Classification for Alternative Bearers and Alternative Bearers/Traditional Bearers comparison


Description: This document aims to analyse the economic aspects of the adoption of the eligible Alternative Bearers (ABs) in a railway context, and to compare the eligible ABs with the Traditional Bearers (TBs). The eligible ABs are: Free Space Optics (FSO), Low Earth Orbit (LEO) satellite and High-Altitude Platform Station (HAPS).

Target audience: All rail stakeholders

How it brings us closer to achieving better rail for Europe: It completes the overall assessment on ABs real applicability in a rail context, by providing the analysis of economic impact and the business case of the eligible ABs (FSO, LEO and HAPS) and by identifying the impact of ABs on the existing rail infrastructure. It also provides an integration analysis of Traditional Bearers i.e., 4G, 5G, and Sat-GEO.

More information on this topic: AB4Rail

Security Architecture, Protection Profiles And Security For Legacy Systems


Description: This deliverable addresses the definition of generic cybersecurity architecture dedicated to railway and the related generic railway protection profiles. This deliverable also comprises the results of the application of the cybersecurity railway processes to other systems of the railway sector. It also addresses the unique security challenges to the railway environment and defines requirements for mitigating them:

      • Importance of the legacy system in railway: how to ensure the security level of a sub-system once integrated in a system composed mainly of legacy sub-systems
      • Industrial Internet of Things (IoT): what are the recommendations and guidelines for integration of industrial IoT within a highly distributed system composed mainly of legacy sub-systems
      • How the existing resilient architecture implemented for safety and/or availability purpose could impact the security level of the system

Target audience: Railway suppliers, Railway operators, Railway Infrastructure Managers

How it brings us closer to achieving better rail for Europe: The deliverable is a key in the definition of a resilient and future proof cybersecurity for railway, especially relevant in securing assets and operations in an ever increased digital railway.

More information on this topic: X2RAIL-3

Digital twin demonstration


Description: The deliverable presents the implementation of Digital Twin technology for the analysis of various Use Cases in 9kV DC environment, such Electric Railway Power System (ERPS), Photo Voltaic and Energy Storage System, Wind Turbine, and Electric vehicle charging infrastructure.  

Target audience: Railway operators, Railway Infrastructure Managers

How it brings us closer to achieving better rail for Europe: Implementation of Digital Twin (DT) can ensure the correct monitoring and control functions of the use cases addressed in the deliverable. Implementation of DT concept both at equipment and system level for future 9 kV MVDC systems integrating Renewable Energy Sources are promising technologies to overcome the limitations and complexities of ERPS.

More information on this topic: FUNDRES

Guidelines standardisation


Description: The report provides guidance on the pre-standardisation processes coming from R&I for the emergence and development of standardisation proposals and for an efficient connection to the standardisation bodies. The deliverable also proposes tools and guidelines to future project leaders, to better integrate the standardisation issue in their research and development activity.

Target audience: All rail stakeholders

How it brings us closer to achieving better rail for Europe: The work fosters the transfer of Europe’s Rail results and outcomes of innovation activities into standards or regulatory documents. This can also support to accelerate market uptake of innovative solutions within the rail sector.

More information on this topic: IMPACT-2